(No)Known pirates and criminals seas

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Baldassare Cossa *1370?? - +22.12.1419. Italian pirate and Roman Catholic Pope.

He served in the Mediterranean. He came from Naples. In order to maintain an aristocratic family in debt levels, resorted to piracy. Then the two brothers were caught and sentenced to death. Later, he was a soldier in the army of Charles I. in the fight for the right to Naples. After the defeat he went to Bologna, where he studied law and was awarded a doctorate. Then join the church and build a career. Even as a cardinal was chosen by Pope Boniface IX. management in the Department of indulgences. In May 1408 he joined the rebellious cardinals, who summoned the Council of Pisa. Both deposed the reigning pope and chose Alexandra V. So they were on the seat in 1409 three popes! Alexandr V. died shortly afterwards. He was murdered by Baldassare Cossa. May 25, 1410 he was ordained as Baldassare Cossa Pope John XXIII. (today as John XXII.). With his longtime friend Bici di Giovanni di Medici manipulated with money in Roman Bank (steal them). Rod Medici also figured as a "shadow" in the election of new popes and bishops. The Pope also anointed their claim Medici family of Florence, ruled by another three hundred years. Pope John XXIII. was also unpopular with Master Jan Hus for his trafficking with indulgences, etc.. praáve It is the Pope who condemned Master Jan Hus to be burned. In 1414, John XXIII. falsely before the Council agreed to the terms of his abdication, then he turned and ran. The council deposed him and accused him of heresy, simony, sodomy, tyranny, incest, piracy, schism, immorality, theft and murder Alexandra V. They found him guilty on all counts and sentenced without his presence. In May 1415 Council confirmed the deposition, charge and sentence. He was later apprehended in Germany and imprisoned. From prison redeem it Bici di Giovanni di Medici and retired to Florence. There died December 22, 1419.

Peter Carder *1565?? - +1626?? English cabin boy and a pirate.

He was a member of the crew by Francis Drake in 1575 and attended all his robberies expeditions to the Caribbean. Together plundered many Spanish ships, towns and villages.

He was on the ship GOLDEN HIND (PELICAN) Vice Admiral Francis Drake on a trip around the world. Set sail in December 1577 In late July 1578 expedition sailed into the Strait of Magellan.

Peter Carder and seven other sailors found themselves in a small rowboat in August 1578 at the Atlantic Ocean near the Straits of Magellan. Should it be Peter Carder, Leonard Vicary, brother John Doughty executed (see Thomas Doughty), William Pitcher and four unidentified sailors. By passing it should be three officers, four sailors and a bugler. Waited several days at sea, the expedition finds. After waiting in vain headed north along the mainland. Along the way, two Indians were killed when trying to get food and water, four drowned in the storm, Peter Carder and William Pitcher find themselves on a small island without drinking water. After a few days the tribe swam ashore. In the first stream, the two drank and William Pitcher died from excessive drinking. Peter Carder walked farther north. Later it was found unconscious Indians, who took him to their village and cured. He lived about half a year. Then again continued north until he came to Brazil Bahia de Todos os Santos, where he was arrested as an enemy of the Portuguese. The governor acknowledged that the case is exceptional and sent to the king of Portugal asked what to do with him? Carder, however, allows free movement around the city and to be able to feed as she can. Carder became friends with a local merchant de Pava, for whom he worked. Years later the answer came from the king to Carder shipped to Portugal. De Pava, however, he offered a boat with four fishermen to flee to England. Carder immediately sailed north to Recife. There have been arrested fishermen released Carder and fled. After a time he found the Portuguese ship some English merchants, who offered him a trip to Europe. In England he had arrived in November of 1586, nearly nine years after the departure of the Dragon. Later it was adopted by Queen Elizabeth I. and rewarded him twenty-two Angels, which allegedly representing eleven pounds per day.

This tortuous path, according to various historical versions vary in time, space and shift the content. Experts in history, they believe that this trip did not take place at all. Petra Carder called "storyteller" to emphasize that the whole story is fictional. It usually justify the absence of registration of the loss of boats and eight sailors in the logbook Francis Drake. On the other hand, it is possible that the ship's logbook wrote Chaplain Francis Fletcher. However, he was a friend of the executed Thomas Doughty, therefore, was in disgrace Francis Drake. Logbook therefore could write with ignorance of the real situation.

It is also possible that the eight sailors were apparently executed by partisans of Thomas Doughty. A Drake is thus able to sit in a rowboat for punishment is to bounce on the open sea, as was usual in those days. Or Drake could send lip service to the survey as the fleet set sail. In these cases, it would be likely to Drake logbook never mentioned.

Gregory Cary *1545?? - +1600??. English pirate.

He was a member of the crew by Francis Drake in 1560 and attended all his robberies expeditions to the Caribbean. Together plundered many Spanish ships, towns and villages.

He was also on the ship GOLDEN HIND (PELICAN) Vice Admiral Francis Drake on a trip around the world in the years 1577-1580.

In 1588 he participated in the successful repulse Felicissima Spanish Armada (Invincible Armada). See John Hawkins.

In 1589 he took part in expeditions English Armada (Contra Armada, Invencible Inglesa) in Spain and Portugal under the command of Admiral Francis Drake. The invasion ended in utter disaster. See Francis Drake.

John Chester *1540?? - +srpen 1578. English captain and pirate.

He was a member of the crew by Francis Drake in 1560 and attended all his robberies expeditions to the Caribbean. Together plundered many Spanish ships, towns and villages.

He was the captain of the ship SWAN in the fleet Vice Admiral Francis Drake on a trip around the world. Set sail in December 1577 drowned when a boat sailing through the Strait of Magellan in August 1578.

John Cooke *1545?? - +1600?? English pirate.

He was a member of the crew by Francis Drake in 1560 and attended all his robberies expeditions to the Caribbean. Together plundered many Spanish ships, towns and villages.

He was also on the ship GOLDEN HIND (PELICAN) Vice Admiral Francis Drake on a trip around the world in the years 1577-1580.

In 1588 he participated in the successful repulse Felicissima Spanish Armada (Invincible Armada). See Martin Frobisher.

In 1589 he took part in expeditions English Armada (Contra Armada, Invencible Inglesa) in Spain and Portugal under the command of Admiral Francis Drake. The invasion ended in utter disaster. See Francis Drake.

John Crosse *1575?? - +1595. English cabin boy and a pirate.

Brother Robert Crosse.

He became a member of the crew of Francis Drake in 1591 and attended his robberies expeditions to the Caribbean. Together plundered many Spanish ships, towns and villages.

In 1595 he sailed for the last raids Francis Drake in the Caribbean. John was killed in the attack Spanish ships.

Robert Crosse *1570?? - +1595. English pirate.

He was the brother of John Crosse.

From 1585 he served in the Atlantic and Caribbean.

In 1587 he became a member of the crew of Francis Drake.

In 1588 he participated in the successful repulse Felicissima Spanish Armada (Invincible Armada). See John Hawkins.

In 1589 he took part in expeditions English Armada (Contra Armada, Invencible Inglesa) in Spain and Portugal under the command of Admiral Francis Drake. The invasion ended in utter disaster. See Francis Drake.

He was killed in the last unsuccessful robbery Francis Drake's expedition to the Caribbean in 1595.

Thomas Cuttle *1545?? - +1600??. English officer, boatswain a pirate.

He was a member of the crew by Francis Drake in 1560 and attended all his robberies expeditions to the Caribbean. Together plundered many Spanish ships, towns and villages.

He was also on the ship GOLDEN HIND (PELICAN) Vice Admiral Francis Drake on a trip around the world in the years 1577-1580.

In 1588 he participated in the successful repulse Felicissima Spanish Armada (Invincible Armada). See Martin Frobisher.

In 1589 he took part in expeditions English Armada (Contra Armada, Invencible Inglesa) in Spain and Portugal under the command of Admiral Francis Drake. The invasion ended in utter disaster. See Francis Drake.

Edward Coates *?? - +1694?? American captain of a pirate.

He served in the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean. In 1689 he was a member of the crew on the ship SAINTE ROSE, which seized the rebels under the leadership of William Kidd and later renamed it to BLESSED WILLIAM. In February 1690 on the island of Antigua joined with Samuel Burgess to Robert Culliford and this ship William Kidd was stolen. The ship was renamed JACOB and chose Captain William Mason. In 1691 they stopped in New York at Governor to give them a bribe was forgiven piracy and privateering was given the right to challenge the French ships from Quebec. With the prospect of easy prey and attacked the English ships. NASSAU also captured a ship with sixteen guns and Coates was elected its captain. At the end of 1692 Coates murdered Captain Mason at the stop for supplies on an uninhabited island somewhere in the Indian Ocean and took command of the two ships. After returning to New York in April 1693 offered bribes Governor Fletcher and his officials, including gifts for a woman Flecherovu pardon pirátsví. Then he sailed to the Indian Ocean and plundered ships of all colors. Probably in 1694, was killed in an attack on French ships.

Dennis Carter *1670?? - +1710?? English pirate, he worked in the Caribbean.

He was a member of the crew of the pirate ship CHARLES Captain Daniel Plowman.

CHARLES sailed from Boston in July 1703 on a pirate expedition against the French and Spanish ships. Not long after the departure of Captain Daniel Plowman ill and because of quarantine remained in his cabin. The crew, led by proviantním officer Anthony Holding, however, rebelled and his captain chose Lieutenant John Quelch. In late September, Captain Daniel Plowman died of a fever.

Later, at the shores of Brazil plundered nine Portuguese ships and gain valuable cargo of weapons, skins, sugar, fabrics, boxes of gold dust and money. By that time, however, was between Portugal and England concluded an alliance. Therefore, the English Admiralty after the report of Portugal on the looting of ships issued an arrest warrant for the entire crew. In May 1704 CHARLES ship docked in port today Marblehead, Massachusetts, where the unsuspecting crew with his share of the booty broke. Within a week, most of the crew including Dennis Carter caught and imprisoned.

In early June, he was taken to court in Boston. Dennis Carter was based on the testimony of crew members found guilty and sentenced to several years of imprisonment.

John Carter *1670?? - +1710?? English pirate, he worked in the Caribbean.

He was a member of the crew of the pirate ship CHARLES Captain Daniel Plowman.

CHARLES sailed from Boston in July 1703 on a pirate expedition against the French and Spanish ships. Not long after the departure of Captain Daniel Plowman ill and because of quarantine remained in his cabin. The crew, led by proviantním officer Anthony Holding, however, rebelled and his captain chose Lieutenant John Quelch. In late September, Captain Daniel Plowman died of a fever.

Later, at the shores of Brazil plundered nine Portuguese ships and gain valuable cargo of weapons, skins, sugar, fabrics, boxes of gold dust and money. By that time, however, was between Portugal and England concluded an alliance. Therefore, the English Admiralty after the report of Portugal on the looting of ships issued an arrest warrant for the entire crew. In May 1704 CHARLES ship docked in port today Marblehead, Massachusetts, where the unsuspecting crew with his share of the booty broke. Within a week, most of the crew including John Carter caught and imprisoned.

In early June, he was taken to court in Boston. John Carter was based on the testimony of crew members found guilty and sentenced to several years of imprisonment.

Daniel Chevalle *1660?? - +30.7.1704. English officer, pirate, he worked in the Caribbean.

He was a member of the crew of the pirate ship CHARLES Captain Daniel Plowman.

CHARLES sailed from Boston in July 1703 on a pirate expedition against the French and Spanish ships. Not long after the departure of Captain Daniel Plowman ill and because of quarantine remained in his cabin. The crew, led by proviantním officer Anthony Holding, however, rebelled and his captain chose Lieutenant John Quelch. In late September, Captain Daniel Plowman died of a fever.

Later, at the shores of Brazil plundered nine Portuguese ships and gain valuable cargo of weapons, skins, sugar, fabrics, boxes of gold dust and money. By that time, however, was between Portugal and England concluded an alliance. Therefore, the English Admiralty after the report of Portugal on the looting of ships issued an arrest warrant for the entire crew. In May 1704 CHARLES ship docked in port today Marblehead, Massachusetts, where the unsuspecting crew with his share of the booty broke. Within a week, most of the crew including Daniel Chevalla caught and imprisoned.

In early June, he was taken to court in Boston. Daniel Chevalle was based on the testimony of crew members found guilty and sentenced to death by hanging. The execution was carried out in the course of Friday, 30 June 1704 executions secured regiment of musketeers. He also attended by several officials of the Admiralty Court, two ministers and a few monks.

It is the first judicial executions in America.

Daniel Chuley *1670?? - +1710?? English pirate, he worked in the Caribbean.

He was a member of the crew of the pirate ship CHARLES Captain Daniel Plowman.

CHARLES sailed from Boston in July 1703 on a pirate expedition against the French and Spanish ships. Not long after the departure of Captain Daniel Plowman ill and because of quarantine remained in his cabin. The crew, led by proviantním officer Anthony Holding, however, rebelled and his captain chose Lieutenant John Quelch. In late September, Captain Daniel Plowman died of a fever.

Later, at the shores of Brazil plundered nine Portuguese ships and gain valuable cargo of weapons, skins, sugar, fabrics, boxes of gold dust and money. By that time, however, was between Portugal and England concluded an alliance. Therefore, the English Admiralty after the report of Portugal on the looting of ships issued an arrest warrant for the entire crew. In May 1704 CHARLES ship docked in port today Marblehead, Massachusetts, where the unsuspecting crew with his share of the booty broke. Within a week, most of the crew including Daniel Chuleye caught and imprisoned.

In early June, he was taken to court in Boston. Daniel Chuley was based on the testimony of crew members found guilty and sentenced to several years of imprisonment.

John Clifford *1670?? - +1730?? English pirate, he worked in the Caribbean.

He was a member of the crew of the pirate ship CHARLES Captain Daniel Plowman.

CHARLES sailed from Boston in July 1703 on a pirate expedition against the French and Spanish ships. Not long after the departure of Captain Daniel Plowman ill and because of quarantine remained in his cabin. The crew, led by proviantním officer Anthony Holding, however, rebelled and his captain chose Lieutenant John Quelch. In late September, Captain Daniel Plowman died of a fever.

Later, at the shores of Brazil plundered nine Portuguese ships and gain valuable cargo of weapons, skins, sugar, fabrics, boxes of gold dust and money. By that time, however, was between Portugal and England concluded an alliance. Therefore, the English Admiralty after the report of Portugal on the looting of ships issued an arrest warrant for the entire crew. In May 1704 CHARLES ship docked in port today Marblehead, Massachusetts, where the unsuspecting crew with his share of the booty broke. Within a week, most of the crew including John Clifford caught and imprisoned.

In early June, he was taken to court in Boston. John Clifford was based on the testimony of the crew found not guilty and released.

Robert Culliford *1666 - +1710?? English pirate, he served in the Caribbean and the Indian Ocean.

He began his career in 1689 on a pirate ship SAINTE ROSE, where he became friends with William Kidd. A team under the leadership of William Kidd rebelled and deposed captain. Nevis was SAINTE ROSE repaired and renamed BLESSED WILLIAM. William Kidd was elected captain of her crew. After a year in February 1690 this ship Robert Culliford and his men on the island of Antigua stole Kidd and renamed JACOB. The crew opted for Captain William Mason. In 1691 they stopped in New York, in order to be forgiven for bribe piracy and privateering was put right. Here is the left one crew member Samuel Burgess. After sailing boats attacked and plundered the city. It also captured the French frigate LA ESPERANCE and Captain Mason ruled that the captain of the frigate will Culliford. Robert renamed it HORNE.

Because with them it ceased to flourish in the Caribbean, sailed in 1692 to the Indian Ocean, where they plundered the city Mangrol. Then they were caught and jailed for four years Gujarati. In the spring of 1696 Culliford and most of his men managed to escape. They traveled to Bombay, where they began to recruit ship JOSIAH English East-India Company in Madras and this ship was stolen. Sailed into the Bay of Bengal, which is managed storm. U Nicobar Island is rescued ship captain MOCHA Ralph Stout. That was in 1697 in a naval battle killed the crew then elected as the new Captain Robert Culliford. Unsuccessfully attacked an English ship DORILL and struggle to escape the island of St. Mary, east of Madagascar. You have built a base from which they expeditions to the shipping routes and plundered ships sailing to and from India. April 1, 1698 at Madagascar met with boat ADVENTURE GALLEY William Kidd. Part Kiddových men went to his frigate MOCHA as a new crew.

Later, Robert Culliford in September 1698 merged with the Dutch captain Dirk Chivers. Planned attack on the Muslim pilgrim ship FATEH MUHAMMED in the Red Sea. She was carrying to Mecca one hundred and thirty thousand pounds, ten million CZK today. And later succeeded in returning to the island of St. Mary surprised the four English warships. After a short battle were captured and taken to court. The Court held in 1700 and for lack of evidence Culliford was sentenced to only two years in prison. In 1701, testifies in court with another pirate Samuel Burgess. In 1702, Robert Culliford was released.

Others are being developed

 

Texty: P.Patočka, P.Steinhardt, H.Prien

Korektura: Ali

Prameny: viz ZDROJE